We are continuously challenged and questioned by the four existential motivations – the world, life, self, and future (meaning). The practice of Existential Analysis relies on dialogue as the main therapeutic tool to explore these challenges at the individual level.
WHAT IS THE MAIN GOAL OF EXISTENTIAL ANALYSIS?
Finding your Yes to life.
Have you ever asked yourself questions on whether you live your life with an
inner consent or not, whether you fully own your life or your life owns you?
If you answered yes, you could consider embarking on a professional journey that brings
philosophy, psychotherapy and spirituality together through a scientific methodology
developed by the EA founder Viktr Frankl and further developed by one of his brightest
disciples and his successor, Dr Afried Leagle.
The aim of EA can be summarized as such: to help people recognize and come to terms with their behaviour and emotions and to live with "inner consent." Although this description resonates with the Rogerian concept of congruence (Rogers, EA places more emphasis on the active decisions and commitments of the individual rather than the accompanying mood or organismic feeling.
Uncover the human mind and get your Psychotherapy Diploma in Existential Analysis
Various psychotherapists, including Dr Laengle, discuss the important role Existential Analysis has in psychotherapeutic practice.
The search for meaning is considered to be our deepest motivation. Developments in Existential Analysis led to the discovery of three existential (or personal) motivations that precede the motivation for meaning.
Together these four motivations lead to profound and enduring personal discovery.
THE CORNERSTONES OF EXISTENCE
The four existential fundamental motivations
1. We are motivated by the fundamental question of existence: I exist – can I be in this world where I live? Do I have the necessary space, protection and support? When we experience these we feel accepted and this in turn enables us to embrace an accepting attitude toward ourselves. - A deficit can lead to anxiety.
2. We are motivated by the fundamental question of life: I am alive – do I like this? Do I have access to my emotions? Do I feel my emotions, feel their value? Experiencing the value of my life makes me aware that it is good to be alive - “that I am here”. - Deficits can lead to depression.
3. We are motivated by the fundamental question of “self”: I am myself – but do I feel free to be myself? Am I allowed to be who I am? Do I experience attention, justice, appreciation, esteem, respect, "my own worth"? Do I feel I have the right to be me? - Deficits at this level can lead to a histrionic complex of symptoms and personality disorders.
4. We are motivated by the fundamental question of meaning: I am here – for what purpose? What is present today that may make my life part of a meaningful whole? What do I live for? - A deficit can lead to suicidal tendencies, aggravate addictions and other dependencies.
EXISTENTIAL ANALYSIS AND ITS APPLICATIONS
through the eyes of professional psychologists and psychotherapists
This video was filmed during The First World Congress for Existential Therapy "Freedom, Responsibility and the Meaning of Being" held in London in May 2015. Psychotherapists from Canada, Austria, Chile and Russiа share their experiences of Existential Analysis - as students and practitioners.
DR. ALFRIED LAENGLE
Psychotherapist, Existential analyst, Clinical Psychologist, MD, Ph.D. The pupil of Victor Frankl.
President of the International Society of Logotherapy and Existential Analysis
Founder and scientific supervisor of a number of educational centers of existential analysis all over the World.
Viktor Frankl was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist as well as a Holocaust survivor.
Frankl was the founder of logotherapy, which is a form of existential analysis, the "Third Viennese Schoolof Psychotherapy".
Frankl became one of the key figures in existential therapy and a prominent source of inspiration for humanistic psychologists.
Existential Analysis was conceived by Viktor E. Frankl in the 1930s as an anthropological theory of an existential school of psychotherapy.
At the same time Frankl developed “Logotherapy” as a meaning-oriented form of counselling and treatment.